Luk 6:43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
Luk 6:44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.
Luk 6:45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.
Occasionally, a character appears who will ultimately have a huge impact on world history. One such person was Muhammad ibn Abdullah, also known as The Prophet of Islam. Could Muhammad have been a prophet from God? No, Muhammad could not be a prophet from God. Jesus Christ and the Apostles gave clear instructions concerning how to identify a spiritual man. Muhammad ibn Abdullah fails the test miserably.
Gal 5:19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
Gal 5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
Gal 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
The oldest, and probably the best and most accurate, biography of Muhammad ibn Abdullah, was written by Muhammad ibn Ishaq within a generation of Muhammad’s death. The biography is called “Sirat Rasul Allah” or simply “The Sira”. The English translation of the original Arabic is “Life of the Messenger of Allah”. I will quote at length from the English translation of The Sira by Alfred Guillaume titled The Life of Muhammad.
Muhammad’s life as a child was probably a very hard scrabble existence. His father died before he was born, and his mother died when he was only six (6) years old. Prior to his mother’s death, Halima, a step-mother who cared for him, heard a report from her natural son that Muhammad was having a strange encounter with two mysterious men.
Some months after our return he and his brother were with our lambs
behind the tents when his brother came running and said to us, "Two men
clothed in white have seized that Qurayshi brother of mine and thrown
him down·and opened up his belly, and are stirring it up." We ran towards
him and found him standing up with a livid face. We took hold of him and
asked him what was the matter. He said, "Two men in white raiment came
and threw me down and opened up my belly and searched therein for I
know not what." I So we took him back to our tent. Guillaume, Alfred, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah. Oxford University Press, 1955.
The story reminds me of the warning that Jesus gave to the Apostle Peter:
Luk 22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:
Believing that Muhammad was possessed, Halima returned him to his real mother, Amina d. Wahb, and his grandfather, Abdu'I-Mutlalib.
His father said to me, "I am afraid that this child has had a stroke so
take him back to his family before the result appears." So we picked him
up and took him to his mother who asked why we had brought him when
I had been anxious for his welfare and desirous of keeping him with me.
I said to her, "God has let my son live so far and I have done my duty. I am
afraid that ill will befall him, so I have brought him back to you as you
wished." She asked me what happened and gave me no peace until I told
her. When she asked if I feared a demon possessed him, I replied that I
did. Guillaume, Alfred, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah. Oxford University Press, 1955.
Amina, Muhammad’s mother died within a year of the strange encounter. Two years later, Muhammad’s grandfather also passed away. Who knows how his early years in a very harsh environment, without any true security affected Muhammad. However, if his later years are any indication, Muhammad’s character and disposition were affected negatively.
Muhammad’s prospects changed decidedly for the better at the age of twenty-five when he was hired by a distant female relative named Khadija, a wealthy older merchant woman, to take some trade goods to Syria. Apparently he impressed his employer because later she asked him to marry her and he quickly accepted.
Khadija made Muhammad promise that he would not marry another woman while she was alive, and he kept his promise. It appears that Khadija controlled the purse strings and therefore controlled Muhammad. This might be the reason why Muhammad received progressively harsher “revelations” from Allah towards women after Khadija passed away. Khadija already had children with previous husbands, but she also had children with Muhammad. However, all his male children passed away in childhood.
Muhammad should have probably lived his life as a common merchant and been forgotten by history. However, at the age of forty, while praying in the mountains, he received a “visitation” from an angel.
He pressed me with it the third time so that I thought it was death and said"Read!" I
said, "What then shall I read ?"-and this I said only to deliver myself
from him, lest he should do the same to me again. He said:
"Read in the name of thy Lord who created,
Who created man of blood coagulated.
Read! Thy Lord is the most beneficent,
Who taught by the pen,
Taught that which they knew not unto men."
So I read it, and he departed from me. And I awoke from my sleep, and it
was as though these words were written on my heart. Now none of
God's creatures was more hateful to me than an (ecstatic) poet or a man
possessed; I could not even look at them. I thought, Woe is me poet or
possessed-Never shall Quraysh say this of me! I will go to the top of the
mountain and throw myself down that I may kill myself and gain rest. Guillaume, Alfred, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah. Oxford University Press, 1955.
Apparently, Muhammad believed that he was possessed after the first “visitation” and was going to commit suicide. However, the “angel” convinced him that he was an apostle of Allah and prevented him from killing himself. The world would have been much better place if Muhammad would have listened to his initial gut instincts.
Muhammad immediately began to proclaim that he was a prophet but he had very few converts except for his wife Khadija and those people reliant on him for their livelihood. If he would have been a poor “(ecstatic) poet or a man possessed” Islam probably would have gone nowhere. However, by the time Muhammad began to receive “revelations”, he was a wealthy merchant and therefore gained a few followers. Muhammad’s preaching mainly made the pagan Arabs in Mecca angry with him, and his few converts began to be persecuted. Eventually, Muhammad and most of his Muslim converts needed to flee Mecca to Medina for their own safety.
Muhammad’s new identity, as an apostle and a prophet, was mostly benign until his wife Khadija passed away. When the main controlling force in his life was gone, Muhammad’s burgeoning megalomania had no limits. He began to receive more and more “revelations” reinforcing his special relationship with Allah. These new revelations had absolutely nothing to do with spiritual growth, and they had everything to do with catering to Muhammad’s “physical” appetites.
While Muhammad is living in Medina he marries Aisha, a nine (9) year old bride, and receives a revelation from Allah to begin fighting polytheists, he suddenly changes from a preacher to the leader of a gang of brigands and caravan raiders.
Then the apostle prepared for war in pursuance of God's command to
fight his enemies and to fight those polytheists who were near at hand
whom God commanded him to fight. This was thirteen years after his
call. Guillaume, Alfred, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah. Oxford University Press, 1955.
While living in Medina, Muhammad and his followers begin to attack Meccan caravans. They also begin to make war on local Jewish tribes. When there is quarrelling among his followers over the spoils, Muhammad receives another revelation from Allah.
With regard to their quarrelling about the spoils there came down: 'They will
ask you about the spoils, say, the spoils belong to God and the apostle, so
fear God and be at peace with one another, and obey God and His apostle
if you are believers.' Guillaume, Alfred, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah. Oxford University Press, 1955.
Astonishingly, Allah said that “ALL the spoils” belonged to Allah and to Muhammad! Since Allah didn’t need concubines or caravan goods, Muhammad takes what he wants then he divides the rest between his followers. One notable battle against a Jewish tribe was called the battle of the Trench. Muhammad kills all the adult males, and he enslaves the women and children. He also takes a Jewish concubine, and he decides his share of the spoils will be a fifth of the spoils.
Then they surrendered, and the apostle confined them in Medina in the
quarter of d. al-Harith, a woman of B.al-Najjar. Then the apostle went
out to the market of Medina (whIch is still its market today) and dug
trenches in it. Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those
trenches as they were brought out to him in batches.
Then the apostle divided the property. wives, and children of B. Qurayza
among the Muslims, and he made known on that day the shares of horse
and men, and took out the fifth.
The apostle had chosen one of their women for himself, Ray1.Jana d.
'Amr b. Khunafa, one of the women of B. 'Amr b. Qurayza, and she
remained with him until she died, in his power. Guillaume, Alfred, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah. Oxford University Press, 1955.
This would be Muhammad’s modus operandi until his death. If his enemies converted or paid tribute (Jizyah), their lives were spared, if they fought and did not convert, they would be beheaded and their women and children would be enslaved. By the time of his death, Muhammad had converted most of the Saudi Arabian peninsula to Islam by force.
The year before he died, Muhammad set his sights on the Christian community of Tabuk. When he arrived, he demanded tribute, or Jizyah, and the rulers and the town paid without a fight. This has seemed to be the main response of the leaders of Christendom, including the present leaders of Europe, for the last fourteen hundred (1400) years. By the time of the crusades, two/thirds of the Christian world had been conquered by Islam.
War, murder, rape, and plunder would be the modus operandi of Muhammad’s followers long after his death. These are NOT the fruits of the spirit described in the New Testament.
Gal 1:8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
Gal 1:9 As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.